Orchids in Nepal
In ancient Rome, Theophrastus, a disciple of Plato, was captivated by the sight of a plant boasting a pair of roots. He named them Orchis, derived from the Greek word for testicles. Nestled in the heights of the Himalayas, Nepal is home to over 300 species of native orchids, many of them captivating terrestrials and a rare treasure. While orchids, known as ‘Sunakhari’ in Nepali, are found worldwide, Nepal boasts an impressive 319 exotic orchid species. The country’s humid atmosphere and misty forests create a haven for orchids, leading to the discovery of new species every year.
Extending across various ecological zones, from the foothills of the Himalayas to the Terai plains, Nepal’s orchid world is incredibly diverse, attracting naturalists and botanists from around the globe. Altitude-related environmental conditions play a significant role in shaping the composition and distribution of orchid species. Orchids are renowned not only for their aesthetic appeal but also for their applications in herbal medicine, with the Chinese being the first to recognize their medicinal properties.
Undoubtedly, orchids are highly prized flowers, thanks to their stunning array of colors and unique habitats. These exquisite flowers have the power to captivate even the most casual flower enthusiasts. If the orchids of Nepal have sparked your interest, consider visiting the Godavari Botanical Garden during March-April and July-August, the optimal months to witness orchids in full bloom.
For adventurers and nature enthusiasts seeking thrills and excitement, trekking through the wooded trails of Nepal offers a chance to encounter some of the world’s most beautiful flowers. While trekking in Nepal has always been a rewarding experience, stumbling upon the diverse assortment of orchids along the way is truly unparalleled.